During the second trimester, you're likely to experience decreased nausea, better sleep patterns and an increased energy level. Related Conditions High-Risk Pregnancy.
A pregnancy is considered full-term at 40 weeks; infants delivered before the end of week 37 are considered premature. Premature infants may have problems with their growth and development, as well as difficulties in breathing and digesting. The first trimester is the most crucial to your baby's development. During this period, your baby's body structure and organ systems develop.
Most miscarriages and birth defects occur during this period. Your body also undergoes major changes during the first trimester. These changes often cause a variety of symptoms, including nausea, fatigue, breast tenderness and frequent urination.
Although these are common pregnancy symptoms, every woman has a different experience. For example, while some may experience an increased energy level during this period, others may feel very tired and emotional.
The second trimester of pregnancy is often called the "golden period" because many of the unpleasant effects of early pregnancy disappear. The first trimester is vital for the development of your baby. The baby will develop all of its organs by the end of the third month, so this is a crucial time. It's important to maintain a healthy diet , including adding an adequate amount of folic acid in order to help prevent neural tube defects. Avoid smoking and cut back on drinking alcohol.
These habits, and any drug use including some prescription drugs , have been linked to serious pregnancy complications and birth defects. The first test that you will take during this trimester will most likely be an at-home pregnancy test that verifies that you are pregnant.
Your pregnancy will be confirmed by another urine test or a blood test. Your doctor may also order a panel of blood work to check your immunity, nutritional levels, and indicators on the health of the baby.
During the first trimester, the risk of miscarriage is significant. Some doctors advocate cutting out caffeine. Deli meat and shellfish should be avoided in pregnancy, especially during the first trimester. These dietary changes are believed to help decrease the chances of miscarriage even further and help you stay healthy. The first trimester is a good time to think about pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding , and parenting classes, and register for those in your community or online.
The second trimester weeks is the most comfortable period of time for the majority of pregnant women. Most of the early pregnancy symptoms will gradually disappear.
You will likely feel a surge in energy levels during the daytime and be able to enjoy a more restful night's sleep. Your abdomen will start to look pregnant, as the uterus will grow rapidly in size. It's a good time to invest in maternity wear, avoid restrictive clothing, and spread the good news of your pregnancy to your friends and family.
While the discomforts of early pregnancy should ease off, there are a few new symptoms to get used to. Common complaints include leg cramps and heartburn. You might find yourself growing more of an appetite, and your weight gain will accelerate. Work on gaining the amount of weight recommended and not putting on extra weight. Walk, choose healthy, nutrient-dense foods, and talk to your doctor about weight gain on each visit.
Varicose veins , backaches , and nasal congestion may become apparent. The second trimester is when most women can feel their baby move for the first time, usually by 20 weeks. The baby can even hear and recognize your voice during the second trimester. Some screening tests may be performed in the second trimester. Be sure to talk to your doctor about your medical history, your family history, or genetic issues that could put you or your baby at risk. An anatomy ultrasound might be performed between weeks 18 and These body parts include the:.
At the anatomy scan, you may be able to find out the sex of your baby. Let your doctor know if you would like to know, or if you would not like to know. During the second trimester, doctors tend to test for gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes can be detected between weeks 26 and 28 of pregnancy. This test will ensure that your body reacts properly to sugar during your pregnancy. The third trimester lasts from the 28th week through to the birth of your baby. Your doctor will regularly:. Your doctor will also determine the baby's position and check your cervix in order to monitor how your body is preparing for childbirth. A simple swab will be taken from your vaginal area before being sent away for lab evaluation.
Travel restrictions take effect during the third trimester.
Pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks, counting from the first day of your last normal period. The weeks are grouped into three trimesters. (TREYE-mess-turs) Find out what's happening with you and your baby in these three stages. First trimester (week 1–week 12) During . Trimester is a wholesale maternity fashion showroom providing world class labels and designs to Australian retailers. Your ultimate source for best fit pregnancy jeans, stylish maternity and nursing wear, practical breastfeeding clothes and cool, hip NOM b-buckles to help expand your pregnancy wardrobe. SECOND TRIMESTER The Bump is Out. In your second trimester, your bump will take center stage and it will be time for what we like to call “the big shop.” Embrace your new body and invest in maternity pieces that fit and flatter your new curves! At Motherhood®, we have broken down the big shop for you into the Five Fundamentals.